What are B Vitamins?


B Vitamins are nutrients that are essential for normal body functioning and optimal health.1 They generally cannot be manufactured by the body and hence are required in small quantities in the diet.1 There are many different types of vitamin B and they all have important functions, including: the breakdown and release of energy from carbohydrates and protein in food, the formation of red blood cells, and maintenance of healthy nerve and muscle tissue.

Maintenance of healthy nerve tissue 2

Maintenance of healthy muscle tissue 2

Breakdown and release of energy from carbohydrates and protein in food 2

Formation of red blood cells 2

Vitamins B1, B6 and B12 are particularly important for a healthy nervous system and deficiencies in these B Vitamins can lead to symptoms including numbness, weakness and pins-and-needles in the feet and hands (peripheral neuropathy). 2 As these symptoms may be related to another medical condition it is advisable to speak to your doctor about them.

Other B vitamins include:
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
Vitamin B9 (Folic acid)
Vitamin H (biotin)



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